Cargo Protection

Mitigating Your Transit Risk

Some highly attractive goods are especially vulnerable to theft while in transit. Computer hardware, high-tech equipment (memory chips, laptops and software), consumer electronics, designer apparel and accessories, wine and spirits, cigarettes, cosmetics/perfume and pharmaceuticals historically are among the favorite targets for thieves. Goods that are especially desirable tend to share the same characteristics:

  • High value-to-size ratio
  • Difficult to identify as stolen
  • Easy to transport
  • Easy to sell—high “street” value

There are steps you should consider taking to help reduce your company’s exposure to theft of goods in transit. These should also be communicated to suppliers that will be shipping goods to you.

Transportation Carrier Selection and Management

  • Select a carrier, including all intermediaries, that is reputable; experienced in handling and transporting high-value, theft-attractive goods; uses suitable equipment; follows good security practices and procedures; and maintains an excellent loss record.
  • Choose a carrier that verifies all data on the employment application and performs detailed pre-employment screenings to include background, criminal, motor vehicle, financial and education checks; drug and alcohol screenings, where applicable; and obtains a comprehensive work history.
  • Avoid carriers that subcontract the transportation of your goods without receiving your prior approval.

Mitigating Transit Theft

  • Establish Standards of Care for the handling and transporting of your goods and incorporate these into the contract of carriage. Recommended measures include direct routing from origin to destination; eliminating unauthorized stoppages; securing trucks, trailers or intermodal containers with high-quality, tamper-evident security seals; and real-time tracking of your shipments.
  • Ensure the carrier has an established and viable method of immediately reporting and tracking/tracing missing shipments.
  • Monitor the carrier’s performance carefully and continuously throughout the contract period.

Packaging

  • Use only new, well-constructed packaging materials.
  • Select multi-walled corrugated cartons that have a bursting test (or equivalent Edge Crush Test value) strength of at least 200 pounds per square inch and the ability to stand up to the normal rigors of handling and transit.
  • Prohibit the prominent display of company names, corporate trademarks or logos or other marks that would identify the contents.
  • Consolidate (unitize, palletize or containerize) multiple carton shipments to take advantage of economy and added security.
  • Introduce tamper-evident features including unique carton tape, banding straps and/or security seals. While these measures will not prevent theft or pilferage of your goods, they will indicate that tampering has occurred, and perhaps in what segment, and in whose custody, within the transport chain.
  • Use opaque plastic stretch-wrap to secure and obscure cartons on pallets or skids.

Transit

  • Make your shipment documentation as generic as permissible by law or regulation. Use general terms or coded information rather than specific identification of shipper and consignee or description of your goods.
  • Use time-definite transportation service when available.
  • Plan your shipment departure so that it will arrive at destination during normal working hours, unless your customer has established appropriate receiving procedures.
  • Book your international air shipments on a specific flight. Your goods should arrive at the airport as close as possible to the established deadline set by the carrier to receive goods to reduce the time they are at rest. Arrange for quick clearance of your shipments from Customs or other government entities.
  • Require that your goods are placed in a secure area, one that is under constant personal or electronic surveillance, when they are at rest and in the care, custody and control of others.
  • Ship your goods door-to-door to minimize, if not eliminate, en route transfers or trans-shipments.
  • Require documented accountability (sign-off of count and condition) every time your shipment changes hands during transit.
  • If practical, prohibit consolidating your goods with that of other shippers (opt for exclusive-use cargo conveyances).
  • Consider using security escorts for your high-value shipments transiting to or through known cargo theft “hot spots.”
  • Avoid making shipments late in the week because your goods will likely sit in a large sort center, regional hub or cargo terminal during the weekend, a time when there is less supervision and security on hand.
  • Limit access to sensitive shipment data (values, customer, destination and carrier) and documentation to those within your company who “need-to-know.”

While these suggestions are intended to help mitigate losses to your goods in transit, they are not an exhaustive list of loss-prevention solutions.

Next: Facility Security